Children and adults throughout the ages have been fascinated by this perilous accounting of how a young man named David beat a giant named Goliath in a battle against the Philistines. The Philistines and Israel were in battle at one point they gathered opposite from each other with a valley in between them. Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dam-mim. I Sam. 17:1 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. I Sam. 17:2 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them. I Sam. 17:3 A Giant named Goliath challenged Israel's warriors And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. I Sam. 17:4 And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass. I Sam. 17:5 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders. I Sam. 17:6 And the staff of his spear was like a weavre's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him. I Sam. 17:7 Goliath taunts the armies of Israel asking them to send their best man out to fight with him. And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me. I Sam. 17:8 Goliath offered a deal; Whoever lost the fight would agree to be servants to the others If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us. I Sam. 17:9 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together. I Sam. 17:10 Saul and the Israel army were very afraid of Goliath and his offer When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid. I Sam. 17:11 A great man named Jess had three of his oldest sons already in battle along with Saul but David was his youngest son and stayed behind to tend the sheep Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem-Judah, whose name was Jess; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul. I Sam. 17:12 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. I Sam. 17:13 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul. I Sam. 17:14 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem. I Sam. 17:15 Goliath presented himself in front of the Israel army with his offer, every day for forty days And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days. I Sam. 17:16 Jesse sent his youngest son David to take corn and bread to his brothers camp where they were fighting against the Philistines And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren. I Sam. 17:17 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge. I Sam. 17:18 Now Saul, and they , and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines. I Sam. 17:19 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commmanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host ws going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle. I Sam. 17:20 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army. I Sam. 17:21 While David was visiting his brother's he heard Goliath as he stepped out and make his offer again And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren. I Sam. 17:22 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them. I Sam. 17:23 None of the men of Israel would fight Goliath because they were too afraid And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid. I Sam. 17:24 The men of Israel told David that whoever kills Goliath will be given riches, the daughter of the king to marry, and freedom for the slayer's family and household And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? Surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel. I Sam. 17:25 David speaks out about Goliath's challenge And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God? I Sam. 17:26 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him. I Sam. 17:27 David's brother Eliab chastises David And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle. I Sam. 17:28 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause? I Sam. 17:29 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner. I Sam. 17:30 The people told Saul what David said and Saul sent for David asking him if he dare go against the Philistine Goliath And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him. I Sam. 17:31 And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine. I Sam. 17:32 Saul doubts David's ability to fight the Philistine And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth and he a man of war from his youth. I Sam. 17:33 David defends himself by telling Saul about a lion and a bear that he had defeated while watching his father's sheep And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: I Sam. 17:34 And I went out after him and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him. I Sam. 17:35 David assures Saul that he can defeat Goliath just as he had defeated the lion and the bear with the Lord's help Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God. I Sam. 17:36 Saul gives his consent for David to fight Goliath David said moreover, The Lord that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the Lord be with thee. I Sam. 17:37 David refuses to wear the armor in the fight which Saul had gave him And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail. I Sam. 17:38 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he has not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannnot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him. I Sam. 17:39 David takes nothing but his shepherd's staff, five smooth stones, and his sling to fight Goliath And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand; and he drew near to the Philistine. I Sam. 17:40 And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him. I Sam. 17:41 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of fair countenance. I Sam. 117:42 Goliath taunts David And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. I Sam. 17:43 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field. I Sam. 17:44 David responds to Goliath's taunts assuring him that the Lord's name is his weapon Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou has defied. I Sam. 17:45 David tells Goliath that the Lord will win the battle for him and all the world will know that there is a God in Israel This day will the Lord deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcasses of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel. I Sam. 17:46 David clearly states that this battle belongs to the Lord and that is why he (David) would win this fight And all this assembly shall know that the Lord saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the Lord's, and he will give you into our hands. I Sam. 17:47 The fight between David and Goliath ensued and David hit the Philistine in the forehead with a stone from his sling And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. I Sam. 17:48 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth. I Sam. 17:49 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote th ePhilistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David. I Sam. 17:50 David took stood on him, took Goliath's sword and cut off his head Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled. I Sam. 17:51 The army of the Philistines were afraid and fled while the army of Israel pursued them And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron. I Sam. 17:52 The Israel army returned and took the spoils of the battle from the Philistines tents And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents. I Sam. 17:53 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent. I Sam. 17:54 While David was fighting Goliath Saul tries to find out who David's father is from Abner who would not tell And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. I Sam. 17:55 And the king said, Inquire thou whose son the stripling is. I Sam. 17:56 David returned holding Goliath's head in his hand and when Saul asked who his father is David told him And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand. I Sam. 17:57 And Saul said to him Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite. I Sam. 17:58 Because Jonathan loved David Saul did not allow David to return to his father's house And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Johnathan loved him as his own soul. I Sam. 18:1 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house. I Sam. 18:2 What to Read Next:
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