Feast of Passover (Erev Pesah or Ta'anit Bechorim)
The Feast of Passover is a Jewish custom observed on the 14th day of the first month. Traditionally it is not a day for public gatherings and is not a Sabbath day. However, Jesus Christ celebrated Passover with His disciples by partaking in a Passover meal with unleavened bread and wine.
Feast of Passover (Erev Pesah or Ta'anit Bechorim) The Feast of Passover is a Jewish custom observed on the 14th day of the first month. The first month on the Jewish calendar is Abib/ Nisen (April). Traditionally it is not a day for public gatherings and is not a Sabbath day. However, Jesus Christ celebrated Passover with His disciples by partaking in a Passover meal with unleavened bread and wine. Date Passover Begins The 14th day of the 1st month (Abib / Nisen). (Ex. 13:3; Est. 3:7) is equivalent to our April.
And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the Lord brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten. Ex. 13:3
In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar. Est.3:7
In the fourteenth day of the first month at evening is the LORD'S passover. Lev. 23:5
And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD. Num 28:16
Origin of the Feast of Passover (Erev Pesah or Ta’anit Bechorim) And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, Exo. 12:1 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. Exo. 12:2 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: Exo. 12:3 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. Exo. 12:4 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: Exo. 12:5 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. Exo. 12:6 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. Exo. 12:7 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. Exo. 12:8 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. Exo. 12:9 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. Exo. 12:10 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover. Exo. 12:11 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. Exo. 12:12 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. Exo. 12:13 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. Exo. 12:14 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. Exo. 12:15 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save thatwhich every man must eat, that only may be done of you. Exo. 12:16 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever. Exo. 12:17 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. Exo. 12:18 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. Exo. 12:19 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread. Exo. 12:20 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. Exo. 12:21 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning. Exo. 12:22 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. Exo. 12:23 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever. Exo. 12:24 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service. Exo. 12:25 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service? Exo. 12:26 That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped. Exo. 12:27 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. Exo. 12:28 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. Exo. 12:29 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead. Exo. 12:30 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. Exo. 12:31 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also. Exo.12:32 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men. Exo. 12:33 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. Exo. 12:34 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: Exo. 12:35 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians. Exo. 12:36 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. Exo. 12:37 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. Exo. 12:38 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual. Exo. 12:39 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. Exo. 12:40 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. Exo. 12:41 It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations. Exo. 12:42 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: Exo. 12:43 But every man's servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. Exo. 12:44 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof. Exo. 12:45 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof. Exo. 12:46 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. Exo. 12:47 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. Exo. 12:48 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you. Exo. 12:49 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. Exo. 12:50 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies. Exo. 12:51
Exodus 13: 6-8-Passover Rituals For seven days eat bread made without yeast and on the seventh day hold a festival to the Lord. Exo. 13:6 Eat unleavened bread during those seven days; nothing with yeast in it is to be seen among you, nor shall any yeast be seen anywhere within your borders. Exo. 13:7 On that day tell your son,‘I do this because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ Exo. 13:8
Deut 16:3-8 Do not eat it with bread made with yeast, but for seven days eat unleavened bread, the bread of affliction, because you left Egypt in haste—so that all the days of your life you may remember the time of your departure from Egypt. Deut. 16:3 Let no yeast be found in your possession in all your land for seven days. Do not let any of the meat you sacrifice on the evening of the first day remain until morning. Deut. 16:4 You must not sacrifice the Passover in any town the LORD your God gives you Deut. 16:5 except in the place he will choose as a dwelling for his Name. There you must sacrifice the Passover in the evening, when the sun goes down, on the anniversary of your departure from Egypt. Deut. 16:6 Roast it and eat it at the place the LORD your God will choose. Then in the morning return to your tents. Deut. 16:7 For six days eat unleavened bread and on the seventh day hold an assembly to the LORD your God and do no work. Deut. 16:8
In Jewish custom the Feast of Passover (Pesah) is observed as the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Passover originated during the Passover in Egypt when the blood of the lamb was smeared on doorposts to protect the Hebrews from the plague that Pharaoh had brought upon his people because He would not let God's people free from slavery. Jesus himself celebrated Passover with His disciples by having a Passover meal which included unleavened bread and wine and was held during the early morning hours of the day. (Exo. 12:18) which most likely would have been on our Thursday evening because the biblical day begins and ends at sunset. Jesus was crucified and died for our sins on the afternoon of Friday the 14th day of the month during the time when the Paschal lambs were being slain.
Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: Exo. 12:5
And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. Exo. 12:6
During the ninth hour (3pm.) Passover is considered by the Jews as a shadow or type of sacrifice of Jesus, the lamb of God, on the cross.
Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: I Cor. 5:7.
Fasting by the Firstborn at Passover The Ta'anit Bechorim fast was only done by the firstborn in remembrance of the first born of the Hebrews being spared because of the lambs blood smeared on their doors, their firstborn children were not slain. (Biblical feast days, 2016). Scroll down to get your free printable version of this bible study.