From Biblical and historical studies we have found the following information about James the Lesser:
He was the son of Alpheus
He lived in Galilee
Possibly the brother of the Apostle Jude
He wrote the epistle of James
Preached in Palestine and Egypt
He was not as well known as the other apostles
James the Lesser was only mentioned three times in the bible.
Some references believe he could have been the brother of St. Matthew (the tax collector) but this has not been proven. James was considered of strong character with an intense personality which was often referred to as "fiery". James is the son of Mary Mark 15:40 (where he is called ò mikros "the little", not the "less", as in the D.V., nor the "lesser"); Matthew 27:56. Possibly identitified with James the Less "James, son of Alphaeus is often identified with James the Less, who is only mentioned three times in the Bible, each time in connection with his mother. Mark 15:40 refers to "Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses", while Mark 16:1 and Matthew 27:56 refer to "Mary the mother of James". James, son of Alphaeus may also be identified as James the Just (1). Since there was already another James (James, son of Zebedee) among the twelve apostles, equating James son of Alphaeus with James the Less made sense. (James son of Zebedee was sometimes called "James the Greater"). Many Modern Biblical scholars are divided on whether this identification is correct. John Paul Meier finds it unlikely. Fresco of Saint James the Less in the Orthodox Church of Vladimir, Russia. 12-th century.]], Eastern Orthodox and Protestants tend to distinguish between the two. Possibly the brother of Matthew Another Alphaeus is also the name of the father of the publican Levi mentioned in Mark 2:14. The publican appears as Matthew in Matthew 9:9, which has led some to conclude that James and Matthew might have been brothers. The four times that James son of Alphaeus is mentioned directly in the bible (each time in the list of the Apostles) the only family relationship stated is that his father is Alphaeus.In two lists of the Apostles, James and John are listed as brothers and that their father is Zebedee (James, son of Alphaeus. 2019). How James the Lesser Died Records indicate that he was crucified in Egypt and that he died as a martyr because he was cut into pieces with a saw. James Apostolic Symbol The Saw" (1).